Carnelian (a 16th century corruption of ‘cornelian’) is a variety of chalcedony, a mineral of the quartz family, coloured orange by impurities of iron oxide. Its name is thought to be derived from two sources, the ‘cornel cherry’ whose translucent red fruit resemble the stone, and the latin word ‘carnis’ meaning flesh.

Carnelian is best known for its translucent bright orange or red-orange colour, though it can vary in shade from a pale pink-orange through to a reddish brown. Some stones are solid in colour, some are flecked and some stones show beautiful banding. Most of the best carnelian stone is mined from India, though deposits are also found in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Britain, Iceland, and Peru.

carnelian tumblestones


Carnelian has a long history, and is one of the oldest known gemstones in legend. It was mentioned in the Bible as one of the twelve gemstones that featured on the breast plate of Aaron, the High Priest of the Israelites, signifying the blood of the martyrs. In Roman times it was used to make signet rings and for imprinting a seal on letters or important documents. The ancient Greeks and Babylonians saw Carnelian as a talisman of good luck. The ancient Egyptians revered Carnelian, referring to it as ‘the setting sun’. They identified orange hued stones with the fertile menstrual blood of the mother goddess Isis, and female energies. Red to brown hued versions were considered active male energy stones. It was worn by master architects to show their rank of builder and to guard against falling masonry and accidents. The Egyptians believed that Carnelian assisted the soul on its journey and had protective powers in the afterlife. In the Middle Ages, alchemists used Carnelian as a boiling stone to activate the energies of other chalcedonies, and it was once believed to prevent the Plague. Today, when carnelian is placed around the home, it is thought to protect against fire, storm, theft and accidents.


carnelian shades

The variety of colour in Carnelian.


Carnelian is a stabilising stone with high energy. The vibrations of carnelian resonates with different chakras, depending on the colour of the stone. Red carnelian resonates with the base (or root) chakra, clearing blockages and healing trauma. The base chakra is the foundation of physical and spiritual energy for the body. A healthy balanced base chakra provides strength and stamina and spiritually one’s sense of purpose on earth, bringing inner security and inner power. Orange carnelian resonates with the sacral chakra and stimulates the flow of information between the body and the mind. Confusion, dependency, lack of pleasure in life, and fear of sensuality manifest when this chakra is out of balance. More pink shades of carnelian may resonate with the heart chakra.


pink banded carnelian

A lovely piece of pink banded carnelian.



Carnelian energizes the physical body, bringing strength, stamina and vitality. Filled with life force energy, they assist in bringing blood supply to the organs and tissues, aiding tissue regeneration, boosting circulation, encouraging the absorption of nutrients and increasing metabolism. Carnelian can be beneficial for varicose veins, phlebitis, haemorrhoids and general congestion. They may also be helpful in healing skin conditions and scarring.

Carnelian is thought to be of benefit to those suffering from arthritis, rheumatism, neuralgia and similar conditions. It also may accelerate healing of damaged ligaments and bones.

Carnelian, particularly orange hued, is influential on the reproductive organs of males and females, boosting fertility and stimulating sexuality, helping to overcome issues such as frigidity and impotence. Orange hued stones are also linked to fertility and potency and may support conceiving a child.It may be of benefit to women in easing symptoms of the menstrual cycle and menopause.

orange carnelian

Orange Carnelian.


Mental and Emotional

Carnelian is a stabilising stone, grounding and anchoring in the present whilst promoting positive life choices to move forwards. It gives the courage to over come difficulties and be accepting of change. It brings trust in oneself and one’s own perceptions, giving clarity and decisiveness. Carnelian is a good stone for overcoming abuse of any kind, helping to overcome negative conditioning and imparting courage and confidence. It dispels fear and brings inner peace. Carnelian banishes emotional negativity and encourages a love of life, bringing feelings of warmth and joy.

Carnelian improves concentration, analytical skills, creativity and stimulates ambition and drive. It is useful in business, said to be a stone of prosperity. A stone of action, the high energy of this crystal brings vitality and removes mental lethargy, excellent for daydreamers.

Carnelian is an excellent crystal for loving and sexual relationships. Its help rekindle passion, overcome sexual anxieties and alleviate jealousy and possessiveness. Carnelian protects against envy, rage and resentment, calming anger. 


banded carnelian

Banded Carnelian.


Bestowing acceptance of the cycle of life, carnelian helps to remove the fear of death, and promotes positive life choices. In ancient civilisations, carnelian was believed to protect the dead on their journey to the afterlife, assisting the soul on its journey.


red carnelian

Red Carnelian.


How to use

Carnelian is most of benefit to the base and sacral chakra, carrying a carnelian tumblestone in your pocket is a good way keep the stone close to these areas, though wearing carnelian in any type of jewellery will still be beneficial, as long as it is within your aura.

To protect your home, place carnelians in each room, or a specific room that you spend most of your time in if you prefer.


Elysian Holistic Therapies Copyright © 2016





Lapis Lazuli


Lapis Lazuli is a rock composed mostly of Lazurite, Sodalite, Calcite and Pyrite. It is deep blue with gold flecks from the pyrite and white streaks from the calcite. The more prized Lapis is that which has more intense blue, whereas lower grade Lapis is slightly paler blue with more white than gold flecks, and is referred to as Denim Lapis. Its name comes from the Persian word ‘lazhuward’ meaning ‘blue’.

Lapis Lazuli


Lapis Lazuli has been used by healers, priests and even royalty since ancient times, to bring wisdom and power and for ability to develop psychic abilities .


tutankhamun's mask


Lapis Lazuli was mined in Afghanistan as early as 3000 BC. Through trade, Afghanistan was the source of Lapis for the ancient Egyptians and later the Greeks and Romans. This prized stone was used by the Pharaohs and used around the eyes and for the eyebrows on the well known funeral mask of the Pharaoh King Tutankhamun, and beautiful amulets made from the stone were discovered in his tomb.


tutankhamun's scarab amulet


Lapis Lazuli began to be exported to Europe towards the end of the middle ages for the valuable ultramarine dye obtained by grinding it into powder. Ultramarine was the finest and most expensive of all blue pigments and was used in the paintings of some of the most renowned artists of the Renaissance and Baroque eras.

High grade Lapis Lazuli is becoming harder to find as many of the best deposits have already been mined. Whilst some mines have been found in Chile, Italy, Russia and the USA, some of the best Lapis comes from the ancient mine in Afghanistan.

Lapis Lazuli harmonises the physical, emotional, mental and spiritual aspects of the body. Imbalances between these planes can lead to dis-ease, a sense of lack of purpose and depression. Once harmony is restored, it brings about multi dimensional cellular healing and a deep inner self knowledge. It echoes the vibrations of truth and enlightenment, representing the universal truth.

Lapis Lazuli is related primarily to the brow chakra, opening the third and balancing the energies of the throat chakra, the voice of the body.


Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli showing the glistening gold coloured pyrite

Spiritual Benefits

As a stone for the third eye, or brow chakra, the energy of Lapis Lazuli assists in developing intuition, channeling and psychic abilities and powers. By opening the third eye and activating the pineal gland, it can open your connection to the angel and spirit realms. Its powerful energy promotes spiritual growth and spiritual health. A healthy and balanced brow chakra allows us to see clearly. It heightens our perception and intuition, our thoughts come with depth and clarity giving profound conviction and faith and trust in oneself. From this begins enlightenment. Lapis Lazuli facilitates spiritual journeying and dream work, bringing information from ours dreams into our consciousness where they impart wisdom.

A stone of communication, Lapis Lazuli balances the throat chakra. As the voice of the body, the throat chakra allows us to express the energy of our other chakras. If the throat chakra is blocked or out of balance, it affects our ability to communicate our thoughts and feelings. A healthy throat chakra allows free expression with your words aligned to your personal truth. Lapis Lazuli teaches power of the spoken word and can reverse curses or disease caused by not speaking out.

As a protection stone, Lapis Lazuli protects from psychic attacks, recognising and blocking them before returning the negative energy back to its source.

Lapis Lazuli is an excellent stone for meditation and manifestation. Draw in this strong manifestation energy by placing on the third eye whilst meditating on a that which you wish to manifest. Mentally picture your desires as already having been fulfilled.


Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli showing the white calcite and gold pyrite inclusions.


Emotional benefits

Lapis Lazuli is a powerful thought amplifier. It stimulates the higher mind, enhancing intellectual ability and memory, increasing concentration and assisting in the process of learning. It helps to bring objectivity and clarity to our thoughts, supporting our knowledge, understanding and awareness of truth.

As already mentioned, Lapis Lazuli is a stone of communication. It brings harmony in relationships, encouraging honesty, understanding, compassion and self expression. It can be particularly useful in homes with children suffering from autism, attention deficit disorder or Asperger’s syndrome, providing a calmness and assisting them to express their feelings and thoughts.

Lapis Lazuli can help with anger by dissipating the anger and associated negative thoughts. It can help to bring suppressed thoughts and emotions to the surface, enabling them to be rationally resolved. It can quickly release stress replacing it with a sense of peace.

Lapis Lazuli helps to develop a strong sense of inner power, courage, confidence and hope. This makes it an excellent stone for helping to deal with the feelings and emotions that may come from grief, trauma, abuse and the anxiety and depression that often follows such traumatic events.


Lapis Lazuli


Physical benefits

Lapis Lazuli is an excellent stone to help with physical issues in the throat and head. Benefiting the throat, larynx, vocal chords and thyroid it also helps with migraine pain (as well as pain in general), hearing loss, vertigo, and other issues related to the ear, nasal and sinus passages and tubes.

Lapis Lazuli is known to benefit to the nervous, respiratory and immune systems. Said to purify the blood, lower blood pressure and improve circulation and caridac rhythm it is also an excellent stone for the cardiovascular and circulatory systems.

This stone is reportedly beneficial for women suffering from issues related to female hormones, such as menstrual irregularities, pms, menopause and relieving the associated cramps.

Lapis Lazuli aids the nervous system and brain disorders, and is believed to help with autism, attention-deficit disorder, Asperger’s syndrome and anything else that my fall on the autistic spectrum.


Lapis Lazuli bead


How to use.

To get the most benefit from Lapis Lazuli, wear or place it at the throat or third eye or position it anywhere between sternum and top of head.

Alternatively, a gem essence or crystal elixir can be made with the stone, however it should be made using the indirect method due to Lapis Lazuli being a soft porous stone and also containing copper and sulphur (from the pyrite inclusions). For details on how to prepare a crystal elixir using the indirect method please see this post Making a crystal elixir .


Please note that although crystals are thought to assist us as described above, they should not be considered as a cure should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical advice and treatment, though they can be used alongside these. Please always seek a doctors advice with any medical concerns.


Elysian Holistic Therapies Copyright © 2016



What is citrine?

Citrine is a variety of quartz that ranges in colour from a pale yellow through to a smokey brown, sometimes it contains rainbows and has a shimmer or sparkle to it. Natural citrine is relatively hard to come by, most of the citrine on the market is in fact heat treated amethyst. A way to tell the difference is that natural citrine is usually a pale honey or straw colour, if it is heat treated amethyst, the yellow colour will be most concentrated at the tip but white at the bottom. Heating the stone doesn’t change its molecular structure, i.e. it is still Si0₂, however the colour is changed from the violet to the yellow frequency and so it resonates a different vibrational frequency or energy. A point to note also it that citrine fades in sunlight. It is thought that paler shades of the natural stone govern the physical body whereas darker shades connect with the subtle spiritual bodies.


citrine (heat-treated)

This citrine point is likely heat-treated amethyst – note the deeply coloured point in contrast to the white base.


A powerful cleanser

Citrine is a powerful cleanser and re-generator that carries the power of the sun. Natural citrine is one of the two crystals that never requires clearing or cleansing (the other is kyanite) as it transmutes, dissipates, and grounds negative energy rather than accumulating it.


The stone of abundance

Citrine is commonly referred to as the ‘merchant’s stone’, ‘abundance stone’ or ‘success stone’ due to its said ability to manifest abundance and success in many aspects, particularly financially and in business and commerce. Citrine helps to stimulate creativity and imagination, assisting the manifestation of hopes and dreams. In Feng Shui, citrine would be placed in the wealth corner of your home or business premises (far left corner from the front door to the building or room). Try placing some inside your cash box or a small piece in your purse to both acquire and maintain wealth.


tower of coins



Citrine has a warming, energising and recharging effect, imparting energy, invigorating the physical body and increasing stamina and circulation. It is a valuable stone for those who suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia. It is thought to aid in reversing degenerative disease and as such would be a recommended stone for anyone suffering from alzheimers. It also is thought to have benefits on the nervous system and in fortifying the nerves.

Citrine is said to be excellent for the liver, spleen, gall bladder and stimulating the digestive system. Thought to inhibit infection in the kidney and bladder, this stone may also prove useful in the treatment of bed wetting. As an eliminating stone, it may help with removing toxins, relieving constipation and is also said to help combat cellulite.

Supporting the endocrine system, it may assist in regulation of the activity of cells, organs and hormones, such as balancing the thyroid and encouraging proper metabolism. It helps maintain healthy skin, nails, and hair and may alleviate skin irritations and allergies. When taken as an elixir, citrine can help with hormone imbalances and relieve menstrual and menopausal symptoms.

Citrine can also be helpful for sleep disturbances or when suffering nightmares.


citrine tumblestones

Natural citrine tumblestones.


Mentally and Emotionally

Citrine is a happy stone. Not only does it remove negative energies and emotions, it replaces them with positive ones. It is particularly useful for people who are sensitive to environmental and other outside influences. An excellent stone to relieve depression, self-doubt, self criticism, anger, self destructive tendencies and phobias as citrine raises self esteem, self confidence and self worth. It assists in letting go of the past and moving forwards without the fear of being judged by others, assisting in being able to verbalise thoughts and feelings and bringing a confident and optimistic outlook to the future. Citrine is useful in settling and smoothing disharmony and disputes within family or groups.


citrine tumblestone



Citrine acts to open, cleanse and energize the chakras, particularly the solar plexus and navel chakras. In cleansing and balancing the subtle bodies, it realigns them with the physical body. Activates crown chakra and opens the intuition. Known for its ability to protect the aura by clearing negative energy and influences, it is useful in psychic and spiritual development.

In activating the solar plexus, it clears and magnifies personal energy, opening up the intuitive mind and helping with decisiveness. This focused intent and inner strength assists with manifesting what you want in life on the physical, emotional and material planes.


How to use

Try wearing around the finger, throat or in contact with the skin or placing in the wealth corner of your home as described earlier. Alternatively, use as an elixir.



Elysian Holistic Therapies Copyright © 2016


Rose Quartz


Rose quartz is a translucent pink variety of quartz, which is easily obtainable in both its natural and polished forms. As the stone of unconditional love and infinite peace, it is also known by a number of names including ‘the stone of unconditional love’, ‘the heart stone’ and ‘the stone of reconciliation’.


Natural rose quartz


Legend and history


Greek myth tells how Adonis, the mortal lover of Aphrodite, was attacked by a boar. As she rushed to save him, Aphrodite was caught on a thorn bush. As the lovers’ blood mingled, it coloured the white quartz pink, and the stone became a symbol of love. Scientifically, it is thought that the pink colouration is due to trace amounts of titanium, iron or manganese, other thoughts are that the colouration is due to microscopic fibres within the stone.

Quartz crystals were thought to be used by ancient civilizations as powerful talismans and used in in their healing potions. The ancient Egyptians believed rose quartz could clear the complexion and prevent wrinkles and ageing, masks of the crystal have even been found in the Egyptian tombs.


The stone of love


Quartz crystals are well known for their ability to amplify energy, and rose quartz amplifies feelings of love, compassion, empathy, acceptance and forgiveness both towards ones self and others. It encourages self love, self trust and self worth. Rose quartz is also known for its aphrodisiac properties – it can raise sensuality, and as such is an excellent stone for romantic relationships, be it attracting, igniting or rekindling. In existing relationships it helps to restore unconditional love, trust and harmony.

The energy of rose quartz resonates with the heart chakra and higher heart chakra, opening the heart and bringing compassion, self love and deep inner healing.


polished rose quartz



Easing the emotions


Rose quartz lowers emotional stress and tensions, helping to dispel negative emotions and feelings of anger, jealousy, and resentment. These tensions can cause dis-ease if not addressed. The calming and reassuring effects of rose quartz also make it a wonderful crystal for use in times of grief, crisis and trauma.

Although rose quartz is thought of as a gentle stone, it has the power to delve deep into the subconscious mind to deal with suppressed negative feelings, emotions, pain and memories. We may not be aware of these in the conscious mind and they may even manifest physically or emotionally as something else. Releasing them may be painful, but all for our highest good with the peace of mind that follows. Placing rose quartz under your pillow may allow these feelings to come to us in our dreams ready for us to consciously deal with them. If the process becomes too uncomfortable seeking professional medical help such as counselling would be advisable.


pink clouds


Physical uses


Rose quartz strengthens the physical heart and circulatory system. It is believed to help lower high blood pressure and protect against heart attacks, thrombosis and even varicose veins. To aid chest and lung problems, try placing this stone on the thymus. It is also thought to heal the kidneys and adrenal glands, releasing impurities from bodily fluids.

Rose quartz has been known for supporting with skins conditions since early civilisations. It is thought to reduce signs of ageing and reveal a more youthful complexion. It can help soothe burns or blisters, and can be used as an elixir in this respect. As well as hastening recovery of skin conditions it can be useful generally for promoting healing.

Rose quartz is a maternal crystal, promoting and strengthening the bond between mother and baby. It can be placed on the stomach during pregnancy and even can soothe a newborn if left near the baby . It has the power to increase fertility and to is said to protect both mother and unborn fetus from miscarriage.


Rose quartz tips


  • Place by your bed to improve current relationships or attract new love
  • Place in the relationship corner of your home or bedroom (far right corner)
  • Wear over the heart chakra
  • To aid grieving prepare a gem essence using rose quartz and add it to your bath water
  • Carry with you in your pocket to benefit from the comforting, soothing and loving energies of this stone



Elysian Holistic Therapies Copyright © 2016






What is amethyst?

Amethyst is a purple variety of quartz and comes in a range of shades from lavender to deep purple.

Its name comes from the greek ‘ἀ’ meaning ‘not’ and ‘méthystos’ meaning ‘intoxicated’, as in Roman times it was believed that this stone protected its owner from drunkenness. Throughout the ages it has been a highly prized stone, known for its powers to soothe the mind and emotions.

Amethyst is a very powerful stone with a high spiritual vibration which works in the emotional, spiritual, and physical planes to promote calm, balance, and peace. It is an excellent all-purpose stone that is predominantly associated with the third eye and crown chakras but can also open the heart chakra. An excellent spiritual stone, it is said to enhance intuition and psychic powers by making a clear connection between the earth and other planes.

amethyst point

The protective stone

Known for being a protective stone, amethyst guards against psychic attack, paranormal harm or ill wishes from others. It transmutes the negative energy into positive loving energy before returning it back to the universe.

The natural tranquiliser

Amethyst is a natural tranquilizer, relieving stress and irritability and dispelling anger, fear and anxiety. Emotionally, amethyst helps balance mood swings and brings about stability and emotional inner strength. It is often used to gently help deal with personal losses and grief due to its gentle and sedative energy. It is a good crystal to support with overcoming addictions such as those to alcohol, drugs, smoking, etc, and also with destructive or compulsive behaviours.

The dream stone

If you suffer from insomnia, try placing an amethyst under your pillow. Known as the dream stone it can bring about intuitive dreams and help with remembering and understanding them.



Amethyst has the dual capability of being both calming and stimulating to the mind. It is an excellent stone to carry, wear or meditate with when dealing with legal problems negotiations and business matters, enabling intellectual reasoning. It calms irate temperaments and hotheadedness, providing a strong advantage in situations where debating is required. Amethyst is also known to assist with financial issues and bring about prosperity and abundance, though citrine is also a very good stone for this.

Electromagnetc radiation

In the age where virtually every household has a multitude of electronic devices, there is understandably concern over the potential effects of exposure to electromagnetic radiation. Place a cluster of amethyst near your computer or other electronic devices to offer EMF protection.


The all purpose stone

Other conditions that amethyst is said to assist with include:

  • headaches – rub it across your forehead to bring relief from a headache

  • arthritis – particularly when used as an elixir

  • diabetes

  • pain relief

  • reducing bruising and swelling

  • skin conditions

  • circulatory system issues – supporting oxygenation of the blood

  • hearing disorders

  • boosts hormone production

  • endocrine system problems

  • dis-ease of the digestive tract and intestines

  • dis-ease of the lungs and respiratory tract, including asthma

  • chronic fatigue

  • fibromyalgia

  • strengthens the immune system

  • overcoming phobias

  • pregnancy

  • PMS and menopause

Please note that although crystals are thought to assist us as described above, they should not be considered as a cure should not be used as a substite for conventional medical advice and treatment, though they can be used alongside these. Please always seek a doctors advice with any medical concerns.

Elysian Holistic Therapies Copyright © 2016